Blog and News
"Current news and information concerning criminal law"
Michael Buchanan is a practicing criminal defense attorney in Gainesville, Florida, with more than 25 years experience defending people accused of criminal misconduct. He is a former president of the Eighth Judicial Circuit chapter of the Florida Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. He is a member of the Florida Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. Read detailed professional biography here.
ALERT: DUI Checkpoint Scheduled on Friday, August 7, 2015, on South West 20th Avenue in Gainesville, Florida
Be aware that WUFT radio is reporting today that the Gainesville Police Department and other local law enforcement agencies are conducting another DUI checkpoint this Friday night, August 7, 2015, in Gainesville, Florida. This check point will be located in the 4500 block of South West 20th Avenue and will be conducted between 9:00 pm this Friday night and 1:00 am, according to the announcement.Continue reading
BEWARE: DUI Checkpoint Scheduled on Friday, July 31, 2015, on West University Ave. in Gainesville, Florida
Be aware that local media outlets are reporting that the Gainesville Police Department and other local law enforcement agencies are conducting a DUI checkpoint this Friday night, July 31, 2015, in Gainesville, Florida. This check point will be located in the westbound lanes of the 3300 block of West University Avenue and conducted between 9:00 pm this Friday night and 3:00 am.Continue reading
Be aware that the Gainesville Police Department, in conjunction with the Alachua County Sheriff's Office, Florida Highway Patrol, University of Florida Police Department and other local law enforcement agencies, will be conducting a DUI checkpoint this Friday night, June 26, 2015 in Gainesville, Florida. This check point will be located in the westbound lanes of the 3200 block of SW Archer Road and conducted between 9:00 pm this Friday night and 3:00 am the following morning, Saturday, June 27, 3015.Continue reading
Having handled hundreds of criminal cases as a defense attorney in Gainesville, Florida, for more than 25 years, I’ve represented many individuals who literally ruined their potential legal or factual defense by making statements on the phone from the jail. The purpose of this blog is to spread the word that everything one says from a jail house phone is being recorded. Courts in Florida have consistently held that one has no expectation of privacy when speaking on the phone at a jail facility, thus recorded jail phone conversations are admissible at trial in criminal cases.Continue reading
June 13, 2005, Michael Jackson Found Not Guilty of Child Molestation Charges - Today in Crime History
On this day, June 13, in the year 2005, pop music super star Michael Jackson was found not guilty at a jury trial on fourteen different criminal charges regarding allegations that he had molested one child, at times in the presence of that’s child’s brother. The charges included seven counts of child molestation (lewd acts upon a child), conspiracy to commit child abduction, conspiracy to commit false imprisonment, conspiracy to commit extortion and four counts of providing alcohol to a minor. In total, Michael Jackson was charged with ten felony charges and four misdemeanor charges, all involving the same two brothers who were under the age of fourteen at the time of the alleged events.Continue reading
As a criminal defense attorney for more than 25 years in a college town (Gainesville, Florida), I’ve represented hundreds of individuals charged with the crime of possession of drug paraphernalia. Most of these individuals have been college students or otherwise law abiding citizens. Many are stunned to learn that the maximum penalty for mere possession of drug paraphernalia in the State of Florida is one year in jail and a $1000 dollar fine, a first degree misdemeanor. See Florida Statute 893.147. Even more surprising for many is how vague and broad the statute is. The purpose of this blog is to educate the reader about the definitions and applicability of Florida’s drug paraphernalia statute.Continue reading
August marks the month when new freshmen students invade the streets of Gainesville, Florida. It is a time of excitement and growth for many young people who are often experiencing their first taste of freedom from parental constraints. For many new students and their parents it is easy to mistakenly view Gainesville as a student friendly town where local police agencies are surely tolerant and forgiving in their enforcement of the criminal laws of the State of Florida. In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. The reality is that our local law enforcement agencies, including the Gainesville Police Department (GPD), University of Florida Police Department (UPD) and the Alachua County Sheriff’s Office (ASO), are notoriously intolerant of student misconduct. Consequently, Gainesville is one of the easiest college towns in America for a student to get arrested. The purpose of this blog is to educate incoming students, in hopes that they can avoid falling victim to the police forces that run the streets and bars of Gainesville, Florida.Continue reading
In recent weeks there has been an internet explosion of articles about Florida’s prosecution of a teenager engaged in sexual activity with another teenager. Much of the focus of the recent articles has been the fact that the sexual activity was between two teenagers of the same sex. Some of the articles seem to imply that the prosecution has occurred only because the teenagers are of the same sex. See for example: Huffington Post report: Florida Teen, Faces Felony Charges Over Same-Sex RelationshipContinue reading
On this date, March 5, in the year 1994, former Jefferson Starship lead singer, Grace Slick, was arrested for pointing a firearm at a police officer who was responding to a call that shots had been fired at her house. Law enforcement officers from the Tiburon California Police Department went to the singer's home after receiving a call at 3:30 a.m. from an inebriated man who said a drunken woman was firing a gun in the home. When police officers arrived, a man came to the door yelling ''kill me,'' the police reported. An officer quickly subdued the man. Grace Slick then came to the door carrying a shotgun and allegedly pointed it at the officers. Slick was demanding that the officers leave her property as she pointed the firearm at them, police said.Continue reading
A DUI deferred prosecution program or other DUI diversion alternative does not exist in many jurisdictions in Florida. Fortunately, in Gainesville, Florida, and the Eighth Judicial Circuit of Florida (which includes Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy and Union counties) there is DUI deferred prosecution alternative available for some individuals charged with Driving Under the Influence. This article will focus on the DUI deferred prosecution program as it currently exists in the Gainesville, Florida area. It should be understood that the availability and requirements of a DUI diversion alternative may vary greatly between each of Florida’s twenty judicial circuits. For detailed information about DUI prosecutions in other Florida circuits, one should contact an experienced criminal defense lawyer whose practice is focused in the judicial circuit where the DUI is alleged to have occurred.Continue reading
A deferred prosecution agreement is a contract between a person charged with a criminal act and the prosecuting authority, which diverts the case out of the formal criminal justice system. If the accused individual complies with the conditions of the agreement, the criminal charges are usually dismissed at the end of the deferment period. This article will focus on deferred prosecution agreements in Florida’s Eighth Judicial Circuit, which includes Gainesville, Florida, and Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy and Union counties. It should be understood that the availability and requirements of a deferred prosecution agreement may vary greatly between each of Florida’s twenty judicial circuits. For detailed information about deferred prosecution agreements in other Florida circuits, one should contact an experienced criminal defense attorney whose practice is focused in that particular judicial circuit. A map of Florida’s judicial circuits can be found here.
I've been practicing criminal law in Florida for more than 25 years and have represented hundreds of individuals in criminal cases over the years. In almost every case I've demanded discovery of all written statements and reports of law enforcement officers, but never - never - has a “draft” report ever been disclosed in discovery. Now I’m wondering how many “draft” reports have been hidden from defendants in criminal cases in Florida over the years. Surely, there have been other cases where police officers create a “draft” report and then made changes.Continue reading
As a criminal defense attorney practicing law in a college town (Gainesville, Florida) I've seen more than my fair share of young adults, ages 18 - 20, charged with the criminal offense of underage possession of alcohol. Underage possession of alcohol is a second degree misdemeanor in Florida and carries the potential punishment of imprisonment up to sixty days in jail for the first offense. See Florida Statute 562.111(1) I can’t help but feel sorry for these young adults and their parents as the realization sinks in that this “criminal” activity will be of public record, potentially for life. Yes, we live in a country where one is old enough to get one’s legs blown off in Afghanistan serving in the armed forces at eighteen years of age, but when one returns to the “land of the free” and possesses a can of beer one can be arrested, taken to jail and charged with a crime.Continue reading
Like it or not, we live in a country where the average citizen’s word is practically worthless if contradicted by the words of a police officer. As a consequence of this reality, the majority of police misconduct that occurs daily goes unreported and undetected by Courts and prosecutors. The misuse of physical force is routinely blamed on the suspect by police officers. The use of coercive investigative techniques are routinely denied by police officers. The illegal detention of citizens is a daily occurrence, sustained by the exaggerations and misrepresentation of police officers. Without a video recording of what actually occurred, the typical citizen, once arrested, is often powerless in a court of law when faced with the lies and distortions perpetrated by police officers. One partial solution to this problem is the citizen who is willing to video record police officers engaged in their daily activities.Continue reading
On August 24, 2012, the United States Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the Federal District Court that had found Florida’s drug statute unconstitutional in the case of Mackle Shelton vs State of Florida. The Federal Circuit Court of Appeals did not actually decide the constitutional issue presented, finding instead that consideration of the defendant’s question of law was procedurally barred under the provisions of the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) of 1996. The lower court that was reversed had found that the Florida drug statute’s failure to require proof of knowing possession of contraband violated due process of law.Continue reading
The Florida Supreme Court has ruled, in an opinion dated July 12, 2012, that Florida drug laws are constitutional, rejecting arguments that the drug statute’s failure to require proof of knowing possession violates due process of law. In the case of State of Florida v Luke Jarrod Adkins, a five justice majority concluded that, “Given the broad authority of the legislative branch to define elements of crimes, the requirements of due process ordinarily do not preclude the creation of offenses which lack a guilty knowledge element.”Continue reading
May 4, 1970, Four Kent State University Students Killed By Ohio National Guard - Today In Crime History
On this date, May 4, in the year 1970, four students were killed and nine others wounded when members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire during a Vietnam War protest. Approximately 67 shots were fired by the guardsmen over thirteen seconds. Jeffrey Glenn Miller, age 20, was shot through the mouth and killed instantly. Allison B. Krause, age 19,was shot in the chest and died later that day. William Knox Schroeder, age 19, was also shot in the chest and died almost an hour later in a hospital while undergoing surgery. Sandra Lee Scheuer, age 20, was shot in her neck and died within a few minutes from loss of blood. Among the wounded was Dean R. Kahler, who was shot in the back, causing permanent paralysis from the chest down. All of those killed or wounded were unarmed.Continue reading
April 30, 1871, Settlers In Arizona Murder More Than 100 Indian Women & Children - Today In Crime History
On this date, April 30, in the year 1871, more than one hundred Apache Indians in Arizona were murdered by local settlers in what became known as the Camp Grant massacre. Apaches refer to the site as g’ashdla a cho o aa or “big sycamore standing there,” with the unspoken understanding of what took place.
I suppose I should not write this. I suppose I should just go with the flow created by the apparent overwhelming ground swell of the media and popular outrage over the Sanford Police Department’s failure to arrest George Zimmerman on a murder charge. As a criminal defense attorney that knows well that the police are not only fallible but also capable of outright dishonesty, I still feel the need to speak in opposition to the idea that we can know with certainty the facts of this investigation by reading news reports or listening to popular media accounts. As my friends and associates lineup on Facebook acknowledging that they have signed a petition essentially demanding that Zimmerman be immediately arrested, I can’t help but smell a lynch mob mentality that causes me to step back and urge caution.Continue reading
The Alachua County Sheriff’s Office, in conjunction with several other local law enforcement agencies, has arrested at least twenty different individuals for utilizing various Internet social meeting sites to allegedly attempt communication with a person believed to be a minor regarding sexual activity. No actual children were involved - only adult law enforcement officers posing as minors. The Gainesville television station WCJB reports that one of those arrested was an elementary school teacher. This blog will not report the names of those arrested as all are presumed innocent.Continue reading